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Nov 28, 2019, 08:35 AM
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MEMS sensor industry's focus shifts eastward, China may become Asia's largest market


MEMS technology is known as a revolutionary high-tech in the 21st century, and its development is closely related to market demand.

I. The wave of IoT development has spawned a huge consumer market for MEMS in China

MEMS technology is a new technology developed with integrated circuits. It originated from the invention of the transistor at Bell Labs in the United States in 1947. Until 1987, the University of California, Berkeley, invented a micromotor, which caused a stir in the international academic community. The possibility of integrated fabrication with executive components is the beginning of MEMS technology.

Since then, with the rapid development of MEMS technology and the commercialization of MEMS products, the market for MEMS applications has expanded rapidly. From the historical development trajectory, MEMS sensors have experienced three waves of development, with automotive electronics, consumer electronics and the Internet of Things as the main driving forces.

The first wave of development occurred from the late 1980s to the 1990s. Demand for automotive electronics applications such as airbags, brake pressure, and tire pressure monitoring systems increased, and huge profit margins have driven European, Japanese, and American companies to develop and produce MEMS in large numbers sensor products.

The second wave of development occurred after 2007. Consumer electronics products such as mobile phones and mobile Internet devices require MEMS sensor products that are smaller and consume less power.

The third wave of development is the emergence of the Internet of Things. Benefiting from the rapid development of the Internet of Things industry, the MEMS industry has brought huge development dividends. In addition to smart phones, MEMS sensors will be widely used in consumer electronics such as AR / VR, wearables, smart driving, smart factories, smart logistics, smart homes, environmental monitoring, smart medical and other IoT fields. MEMS is the direction of current mobile terminal innovation. Through continuous improvement of MEMS sensor products, finally meeting the requirements of smaller, lower energy consumption and higher performance, can it be more suitable for various IoT occasions.

Today, with the rapid development of the Internet of Things, it will have a profound impact on the MEMS industry, giving birth to a large number of new products and new applications, driving the popularity of MEMS products in daily life and industrial production, and further expanding the MEMS market. According to MEMS Consulting, the global sensor and actuator market size will grow from US $ 38 billion in 2016 to US $ 66 billion in 2021, with a CAGR of 12%. In this booming market, MEMS is in a pillar position, occupying 30% of the global sensor and actuator market in 2016 with US $ 11.4 billion and growing at a compound annual growth rate of 14%. By 2021, the global MEMS sensor market The scale will reach $ 22 billion.

China consumes nearly one-half of the world's MEMS devices, making it the world's largest MEMS consumer market. In recent years, China's MEMS consumer electronics products, such as smartphones and tablets, have maintained steady growth, driving the growth of demand for MEMS industries such as acceleration sensors, gyroscopes, and silicon microphones. China has become the fastest growing region in the global MEMS market. It is estimated that the average annual compound growth rate of China's MEMS market will exceed 15% from 2016-2021, which is much higher than the global 9.6% growth rate.

In the future, China will certainly be one of the main forces in the MEMS consumer market.

2. The focus of the MEMS industry has moved to the Asia-Pacific region, and China has become the region with the greatest potential for Asia-Pacific MEMS development.

While MEMS sensors are undergoing a wave of changes, the global electronics manufacturing industry chain is also accelerating the transfer to the Asia-Pacific region. In the future, the Asia-Pacific region will attract the MEMS industry to continue its eastward shift with the advantages of cost and other advantages.

Industrial transfer is an important economic phenomenon that takes place between regions with different levels of economic development. Under market economic conditions, some enterprises in developed regions follow the changes in regional comparative advantages. Through cross-regional direct investment, the production of some industries is transferred. The transfer to the developing region is carried out, and the spatial distribution of the industry shows the phenomenon of the industry's shift from the developed region to the developing region.

It is generally believed that there have been four large-scale manufacturing industry migrations around the world: from Britain to the United States, then to Japan, Germany, and then to the "four little dragons" in Asia, until now they are moving to developing countries ... every time The process of industrial migration has driven the rapid development of local science and technology and the economy. In this process of industrial transfer, China and Southeast Asia experienced the fastest growth.

According to Prismark statistics, since 2006, China has surpassed Japan to become the world's largest and fastest growing PCB manufacturing base, and has become the main growth driver for the development of the global PCB industry. Today China is the world's largest electronics production base.

Against this background, the MEMS industry is also constantly moving east. Throughout the global MEMS sensor market, the United States, Japan, and Germany have always dominated. Among them, there are fewer IDM manufacturers, such as Bosch and STMicroelectronics. Most of the major manufacturers in the MEMS industry are based on Fabless, such as Lou's, Hewlett-Packard, and Canon. Therefore, MEMS manufacturing began to migrate to the Asia-Pacific region due to labor, land prices, and market advantages.

In recent years, the Asia-Pacific region (including Japan) has been affected by factors such as the continued growth of market demand for smartphones, tablets, and wearable products, and the continuous transfer of the global electronics industry to China. The growth rate has been relatively fast. The 2017 MEMS market share Reached 46.8%, surpassing the United States, Europe and other regions.

According to Prismark statistics, since 2006, China has surpassed Japan to become the world's largest and fastest growing PCB manufacturing base, and has become the main growth driver for the development of the global PCB industry. Today China is the world's largest electronics production base.

Against this background, the MEMS industry is also constantly moving east. Throughout the global MEMS sensor market, the United States, Japan, and Germany have always dominated. Among them, there are fewer IDM manufacturers, such as Bosch and STMicroelectronics. Most of the major manufacturers in the MEMS industry are based on Fabless, such as Lou's, Hewlett-Packard, and Canon. Therefore, MEMS manufacturing began to migrate to the Asia-Pacific region due to labor, land prices, and market advantages.

In recent years, the Asia-Pacific region (including Japan) has been affected by factors such as the continued growth of market demand for smartphones, tablets, and wearable products, and the continuous transfer of the global electronics industry to China. The growth rate has been relatively fast. The 2017 MEMS market share Reached 46.8%, surpassing the United States, Europe and other regions.

One of the characteristics of sensors and their industries is technology intensive. Because of technology intensive, it also naturally requires talents. However, the lack of high-end R & D personnel and experienced local MEMS engineers in China has led to basic research lagging. With the acceleration of the commercialization of technology, many technologies have a short survival time in the market, and MEMS sensors require a long development time, which is a great challenge for MEMS companies. Although after years of development, the domestic MEMS sensor industry has accumulated a number of talents, compared with internationally leading companies, the domestic MEMS sensor industry is still relatively scarce in high-end and professional talents, lacking leading companies to lead and lead talents.

China is a big manufacturing country and a big consuming country. Under this opportunity, although the self-sufficiency rate of MEMS sensor products in China is currently low, if the domestic MEMS industry trains more talents, speeds up the independent research and development progress, promotes technological innovation, strengthens upstream and downstream cooperation, and forms industrialization as soon as possible, In the end, it can certainly occupy a place in the MEMS market and even continue to expand market share.
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