Mar 09, 2006, 04:24 AM Registered User The Netherlands, Utrecht, Amersfoort Joined Oct 2004 2,209 Posts Question 4 strands of 28 awg equals to 1 strand of ?? awg Like the title says, what wire gauge do I need to use to use 1 strand instead of 4 strands of 28 AWG wire. Same question for 29AWG wire. I also would like to know advantages of using 1 or 4 wires. What is better? Thanks CD
 Mar 09, 2006, 05:04 AM Electric Hippy Brisbane Joined Nov 2005 2,393 Posts Assuming 28awg =0.3mm 4x0.3mm =1.1304mm^2 0.63mm I assume is 22awg = 1.24mm^2 So 22awg is what you would use. Personally I have found it a LOT easier to wind 2strands of 26awg. that gives 1.0mm^2 These are rough estemates as I dont have wire gauge tables or a calculator.
 Mar 09, 2006, 05:42 AM homo ludens modellisticus Netherlands, GE, Nijmegen Joined Feb 2001 13,812 Posts Tables: www.powerditto.de -> "English" search for 'wire' on that page. Will you be attending http://home.hetnet.nl/~ronvans/ , June 25? Vriendelijke groeten Ron van Sommeren
Mar 09, 2006, 06:26 AM
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Australia, VIC, Langwarrin
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This may help

# Images

 Mar 09, 2006, 07:40 AM Registered User Beaverdam Creek, VA Joined Aug 2005 2,322 Posts A rough rule of thumb is doubling the strand is about like going down 3 guages. Double 28g would be like 25g, quadruple like 22g. With the 29g, 4 strands would be about like 23g. Single vs. multi-strand is a discussion (arguement at times) that comes up now and then. Multi-strand can be easier to wind or not, depending on the # and sizes. I've never done more than 2 myself. It will make sharper bends and bulge less in the front where you need can clearance. If the strands come out different lengths (hard to avoid) you can have small circulating currents that rob a bit of efficiency. With many layers the wire in the bottom layers gets no air flow. Smaller wire giving better copper fill is a myth. Good Luck!
 Mar 09, 2006, 11:49 AM Registered User Joined Aug 2004 734 Posts I smell Troll . Everything that Beaver said is right except the part about multistrand winds giving better copper fill is a myth. In certain situations you can get more copper intoa given area with multiple strands of of a smaller gauge wire than you could with a single large strand. By way of example I recently finished a motor that used the stator from a hard drive which I wound with 6t of double stranded 23g wire (about equivalent to 20g). In this case given the number of turns I required and the dimensions of the space between the stator teeth I was able to get more copper between the teeth than I could have with a single strand of 20g because 6t of a single strand of 20g would not fit due to the fact that it would have been too tall for the space between the stator arms, which was the limiting factor. I think I'm rambling now. The point is that for whatever stator you are winding you must consider several factors in order to come up with the best result and those trails don't slways lead to a single strand wind. Latrans
 Mar 09, 2006, 12:21 PM Registered User Beaverdam Creek, VA Joined Aug 2005 2,322 Posts It's true that it all depends on the dimensions of the wire and the slots, but Ralph (Powerditto) has me convinced that single strand can almost always do better. Some people tout that smaller wire always gives better copper fill, but it just isn't true. Good Luck!
 Mar 09, 2006, 01:06 PM Registered User Joined Aug 2004 734 Posts Exactly right. The method that will give the best copper fill depends on the dimensions of the stator slot and the # of turns required. My only point was that the 'single strand is better' philosohpy doesn't always apply, that being said, if all things are equal I'd opt for the single strand over multiple strands. Latrans
 Mar 09, 2006, 01:33 PM Seeing the Farside. Seattle WA, USA Joined Aug 2005 4,285 Posts A single larger diameter strand will give better cooling capability too right? Just a question, I'm kinda new to winding motors. -Chris
Mar 09, 2006, 01:56 PM
Registered User
Joined Aug 2004
734 Posts
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Blaze.45 A single larger diameter strand will give better cooling capability too right? Just a question, I'm kinda new to winding motors. -Chris
Some say yes because more air can move around/past the windings some suggest that multiple thinner wires will dissipate (sp?) heat better due to their higher surface area to mass ratio. I haven't seen any hard data on this one yet so the jury is still out. It probably depends on winding density.

Latrans
Mar 09, 2006, 03:05 PM
Flying motor mount master
San Jose, California, United States
Joined Oct 2004
8,745 Posts
It will have better heat dissapation and will also have lower resistence.

Not to say in certain circumstances it will be much harder to wind.

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Blaze.45 A single larger diameter strand will give better cooling capability too right? Just a question, I'm kinda new to winding motors. -Chris
 Mar 09, 2006, 04:04 PM Electric Hippy Brisbane Joined Nov 2005 2,393 Posts Nice table Olmod!
Mar 09, 2006, 04:47 PM
Good Better Best quest.
Australia, VIC, Langwarrin
Joined Apr 2004
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Eagleburger Nice table Olmod!
Ta but its not mine but some other good soul who posted it and he should get the credit. cheers.
Mar 10, 2006, 08:38 AM
homo ludens modellisticus
Netherlands, GE, Nijmegen
Joined Feb 2001
13,812 Posts
Quote:
 Originally Posted by latrans ... some suggest that multiple thinner wires will dissipate (sp?) heat better due to their higher surface area to mass ratio...
Only in free air. Once the wire is part of a coil, the energy radiated by loop x is absorbed by it's neighbouring loops and vice versa. Net result: zero. Imagine a thick square wire, no slice it horizontally and vertically, lengthwise. Would it make a difference as far as radiation? No, only the original outside surface matters, not the new inside surfaces.

Prettig weekend Ron