|May 13, 2004, 04:12 PM|
Info on Macreadys pterosaur?
Does anybody have any information on the 1/2 scale pterosaur made by Paul Macready in the 80's? I believe its the same one in the movie "War Games". I have looked all over google and can only find vague references to it. Thanks.
|May 13, 2004, 10:38 PM|
Apopka, Florida, USA
Joined Nov 2002
MacCready's pterodactyl was not the model used in the War Games movie.
The one in the movie was a fixed wing glider with a movable head. I have no idea who created that. Possibly one of the movie studios.
War Games came out in 1984, the same year the news broke in RCM about the MacCready project but the project was just mid-way then and not near completion. I remember it well. I then waited and waited to hear about the status of the project but it wasn't until 1985 or 1986 until the model flew.
The pterodactyl project was produced by a grant from the Smithsonian and the main purpose of the project was to film the model flying for an IMAX film called "On the Wing". I recall in the 1984 article the project was granted $100,000.00. I remember that being an inconceivable amount of money at the time and feeling sick with both disbelief and envy.
The pterodactyl did not really qualify as an ornithopter because it could not sustain flight. It was towed into the air by a van along with a stabilizing tail appendage that dropped off in flight. It had a sophisticated onboard stabilizing computer which had to be activated before the tail appendage dropped off. Then, the flapping commenced and it flapped its way through a glide to the ground.
The flapping system was powered by two Astro cobalt 40 electric motors on God knows how many big heavy ni-cad batteries! The bird weighed more than 40 pounds! The flapping mechanism was not cyclical but recipricating, with the motors reversing direction at the top and bottom of each stroke. The motors used cog belt pulleys coupled to a ball screw jack system made of composite materials.
To this day, I have no idea what they made the wing membrane out of.
Pitch control was accomplished by a system that moved the main wing spars fore and aft changing the CG. Roll control was managed by moving "fingers" out on the wings that acted like spoilers. Not sure about yaw, but I think the long beaked head moved side to side. All of these functions were computer stabilized.
Although I think the filming of the model (which was done out at the Bonneville salt flats) was a success for the IMAX film, later there was one unforgettable PR nightmare for the MacCready team and that was at some exibition where the Pterodactyl suffered a most embarrassing crash..I think it was at the opening of the Mid-America Mall or something but it was all over the news. I recall seeing the event on the news. They model had been towed up and right upon release it went into a violent "lamshevak" tumble and plummeted to the ground totally out of control. I felt really sorry for them.
They blamed the problem on the onboard computer malfunctioning.
The tow van was then seen rushing to the scene lof the crash like an ambulance to a plane crash. Really embarrassing and on national news!
I think the pterodactyl was rebuilt for display at the Smithsonian and it's there today. I never saw the IMAX film but I certainly would like to.
|May 14, 2004, 01:51 AM|
thanks for all the info guys. I am thinking about building my first flapper, and though the bird shaped ornis look great, the pterosaur has completely grabbed my attention. I have found that the MacCready ptero used a Liebeck LPT102B airfoil at both root and tip, but winfoil knows nothing about this airfoil, and I am not sure where to start. Any suggestions?
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