|Feb 27, 2010, 05:27 PM|
Although Intermezzo 100 looks very similar to my UAV Flying Wing it's a complete redesign. Smaller, more efficient, more agile and faster with a fuselage big enough so that it can carry some of my gadgets. All the electronics including the battery are velcroed to the 50x40x340 mm platform.
Follow me on Twitter if you want to know what my current RC, UAV and AP activities are.
- Kline-Fogleman KFm Airfoil
- Wing span 100 cm (39.37 in)
- Wing area 17 dm˛ (1.83 sq.ft.)
- Aspect ratio 5.9
- Weight 500 g (15.17 oz.) (including 1350 mAh battery)
- Wing load 29.4 g/dm˛ (9.34 oz./sq. ft.)
- 4 mm Depron
- 4x4 mm spruce spars
- 2 mm plywood for the fuselage frame
- 50/25 mm reinforced tape
- double sided tape for the servos
- foam contact adhesive (UHU Por)
- epoxy glue (Araldite Rapid)
- 2 1 mm steal push rods
- 2 control horns
- 400 mm Velcro to mount the electronics
- 8 neodymium magnets for the canopy lock
- TURNIGY 28-36 1200 Kv brushless motor
- Graupner CAM 8x4.5 folding propeller
- TURNIGY Plush 25A ESC
- Rhino 3S1P 30C 1350mAh LiPo
- 2 x HXT900 1.6kg/cm servo
- Have a look at the pictures below labeled "Intermezzo 100 - Depron Parts" and "Intermezzo 100 - Layers".
- The picture below labeled "Intermezzo 100 - Spars" shows how the spars are integrated into the Depron layers.
- There are more pictures here and here showing how the parts are arranged in layers.
- neutral (level flight): elevator 3mm up
- elevator up max.: 16 mm
- aileron up max.: 18 mm
Design tools I used
- ProgeCAD 2009 Smart (free AutoCAD clone)
- WinLaengs4 (CG calculation)
- Drive Calculator (power system calculation)
- revision B: added rulers and two missing parts to the CAD files
The "Making Of" video
|Feb 28, 2010, 04:38 AM|
Joined Aug 2009
Excellent work Jaron - you are fortunate to have access to a laser cutter.
But as you said, it can all be done with a sharp knife/scalpel.
I found (and ordered) an interesting folding pusher prop - made for the Easystar but might be useful anyway
|Mar 01, 2010, 01:38 PM|
Thanks guys! It's always nice to have your work commented.
Nigel, I've done some experimenting with the cheap Hobbyking folding props and found them to be not as efficient as the fixed ones. But I'll give it another try and buy a better one from my local hobby shop. I believe he's got the Graupners.
It was such a nice day today and so I decided to do some flying.
|Mar 03, 2010, 04:39 PM|
Wow really nice work jaron! I really like the use of the laser cutter in construction. Great video too.
I can't wait to see it in action.
|Mar 10, 2010, 01:08 PM|
Thanks zik, I hope winter is coming to an end soon!
As it was cold and windy here lately I only flew Intermezzo 100 four times and it's difficult to make a final conclusion about it's performance - especially without any data.
Overall I'm quite impressed. Despite its higher wing load it seems to have a lower rate of descent than UAV Flying Wing. It also glides better but has a higher tendency to tip stall than my other designs.
Because I changed most of the design parameters, compared to UAV Flying Wing, it's hard to say what the reasons are that make it fly different/better. It could be the wing geometry or the KFm airfoil with more but lower steps.
I'll try to cure the tip stall tendency and in a next revision of the design I will probably have a deeper wing chord or a more aerodynamic fuselage - for all-round or speed.
|Mar 20, 2010, 10:41 AM|
I made two test flights today and logged some data. It's not representative but gives an idea of Intermezzo's flight performance.
For the logging I used an ArduPilot (Arduino), an EM-406 GPS receiver, an OpenLog data logger that writes on a microSD card and an Eagle Tree data logger.
- AUW: 536 g (18.9 oz.)
- Motor: TURNIGY 28-30B 1050Kv
- Propeller: 9x5 folding
- Battery: 1350 mAh 3S1P
- Maximum speed at level flight: 55 km/h (34 mph)
- Maximum climb rate: 6 m/s (20 fps)
- Motor Amps average: 9 A
- Motor Watts average: 99 W
- Maximum speed in a dive: 98 km/h (61 mph)
- Average speed during glide test: 42 km/h (26 mph)
- Average rate of descent while gliding: 0.53 m/s (1.7 fps)
- Glide ratio: 1:6.26
|Apr 25, 2010, 11:09 AM|
I flew jaron's Intermezzo 100 today. It's a great plane!
This plane has very precise control - it really does fly like it's on rails. I found it very confidence inspiring and stable in the air while still being maneuverable and great fun to fly. Unlike many flying wing designs it has very little tendency to tip stall. It performs well through a wide variety of airspeeds and has good glide capability for a plane of its size.
I was impressed enough that I'm thinking of making a similar plane for myself. The only tricky part of flying it is the launch - as with any powered flying wing it requires a little skill. I'd recommend this plane to any intermediate or better flyer. Its precise flight characteristics are a joy and with the power system jaron's using it can really move too!
|Apr 25, 2010, 09:14 PM|
Zik... this is wonderful news. I am so happy to hear that Jaron's Intermezzo flies so beautifully. Your report has made me a very happy man indeed. I was very curious about how his KFm7 airfoil would perform. Now I know thanks to your posting. It really put a smile on my face.
|May 04, 2010, 09:33 AM|
Intermezzo's twin brother is born - I had some parts left over from the laser cutting session and thought they'd look better assembled.
It needs a power system and a receiver and maybe I'll just store it in case Intermezzo #1 crashes.
|May 14, 2010, 08:55 AM|
mecevans, Intermezzo 100 has a motor with 70 W more power and I'm pushing it harder than UAV Flying Wing. The flight times are about the same with 12 minutes for the 1350 mAh battery (no camera or additional electronics).
It's a small plane with a limited payload but sometimes I'm flying it with a 2200 mAh battery. I haven't done much flying lately because of the bad weather but as soon as it clears up I'll do some endurance testing.
|May 26, 2010, 09:52 PM|
Suggestion: Include something in the CAD file to scale the drawing from. For some reason when I downloaded it, it was not to scale, and since i have no known dimension, it is hard to guess.
Question: What is the payload capacity if you had to guess? My problem is my FPV gear is pretty heavy, and worse, I only have 2200mah 3s batteries, so I am getting up there in payload. Wondering if i need to scale up...
|May 27, 2010, 04:05 AM|
Derek, what's the weight of your FPV gear? I can't tell you what exactly the payload capacity is but I have flown the plane with a 2200 mAh battery and about 50 grams of additional payload.
The higher the wing loading, the faster a plane flies and the more critical are its stall characteristics. Therefore I would choose a plane with a lager wing span and maybe made from EPP which is more durable than Depron.
Thanks for your suggestion about the scale in the CAD file. I added an updated ZIP file in post #1 (revision B).
|Jul 27, 2010, 08:14 PM|
USA, CA, Los Angeles
Joined Sep 2004
Hey man, great design! I was searching around for some stuff and found your last blog with the seaplane wing and was really impressed. Glad to see you're still at it!
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