@Rusty those definitions
“restricted visual line-of-sight” means an operation within 500 m of the RPA pilot and below the height of the highest obstacle within 300 m of the RPA, in which the remote pilot maintains direct unaided visual contact with the remotely piloted aircraft to manage its flight and meet separation and collision avoidance responsibilities;
“extended visual line-of-sight” means an operation below 400 ft AGL in which an observer maintains direct and unaided visual contact with the remotely piloted aircraft at a distance not exceeding 1000 m from the pilot;
“extended visual line-of-sight operation” means an operation below 400 ft AGL, in which an RPA observer assists in the direct unaided visual contact with the RPA, in order to facilitate separation and collision avoidance requirements;
1. Outside controlled airspace An RPAS, intended for B-VLOS operations shall as a minimum, meet the following operational and technical requirements;
(a) The operator shall demonstrate compliance with the following technical
(i) that the RPA will only be operated using command inputs;
(ii) has met the requirements prescribed in Technical Standard-101.02.2;
(iii) that the RPA has the ability to remain clear from obstacles and any other hazards and can take appropriate action to execute collision
avoidance from such obstacles or other aircraft where necessary. This ability shall be applicable for normal and lost/degraded C2 links unless:
(aa) The area is void of other air traffic; or
(bb) The operation occurs in specifically delimited or segregated airspace; or
(cc) Any other mitigation is in place to avoid other aircraft, obstacles or any hazards.
(iv) the C2 datalink frequency to be used for data link is deemed appropriate by the Director; and
(v) The C2 performance requirements as specified in Technical Standard 101.05.8 are acceptable to the Director;
(b) The operator shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Director the following operational capabilities prior to receiving approval for B-VLOS operations:
(i) Show how the intended RPA will perform all its flight tasks through control inputs whilst in flight, and that such device is not ordinarily
required to be flown manually;
(ii) Command the RPA to follow a predetermined course or group of waypoint inputs; Page 49 of 50
(iii) Provide inputs to the RPA that in the event of needing to avoid any aircraft or other obstacle, the RPA pilot is able to interrupt or introduce commands or instructions to the RPA, such that the RPA can be interrupted from its set course and can safely fly an alternative course, or land, to avoid known traffic;
(iv) How the exact position of the RPA is displayed to the pilot, in real-time, on a moving map, such that the RPA pilot will be able to make radio calls and report the position of such RPA to any aircraft in the vicinity or to an ATSU providing services or controlling such airspace;
(v) How it reacts in the event of receiving a flight position command that conflicts with obstacles or high ground.
Lots of interesting stuff in our rules, due March 2015
Fuel, oil and charging records
101.05.23 (1) The owner of operator shall maintain fuel or charging records to enable the Director to ascertain that, for each flight under his or her control, the requirements of sub-regulations (4) and (5) of this regulation are complied with.
(2) The remote pilot of the aircraft shall enter the fuel, charging and oil records
referred to in sub-regulation (1) in the flight folio.
(3) The owner or operator shall maintain oil records to enable the Director to ascertain that trends for oil consumption are such that an aircraft has sufficient oil to
complete each flight.
(4) During VLOS operations, the remote pilot shall ensure that the aircraft has enough fuel or electrical charge to return to the point of landing, complete a landing and then fly for at least two minutes.
(5) During B-VLOS operations, the remote pilot shall ensure that the aircraft has enough fuel or electrical charge to complete the intended flight plus a reserve of 20%
Interesting that our CAA sees solar as a propulsion method
propulsion system (such as engine/motor, fuel, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, gas, solar)
(1) Every South African-registered RPA must have affixed to it an identification plate (engraved, stamped or etched) with its nationality and registration marks.
(2) The identification plate must–
(a) be made of fireproof material of suitable physical properties;
(b) be affixed to the RPA in a prominent position; and
(c) include the registration mark issued by the authority which appears on the RPA’s certificate of registration
Flight tests will include
3. Items applicable to the Remote Pilot Licence (Aeroplane) (RPL(A))
(1) Climbing and descending.
(2) Turns while maintaining altitude.
(3) Climbing and descending turns.
(4) Speed changes while maintaining altitude.
(5) Horizontal figure eight.
(7) Recovery from a spin.
(9) Catapult launch (if applicable).
(10) Hand launch (if applicable).
(11) Approaches and landings.
(12) Hand launching (if applicable).
(13) Engine failure
(a) At altitude
(b) After takeoff
(c) On the approach.
Items applicable to the Remote Pilot Licence (RPL(MR))
(1) Tail-in hover.
(2) Tail-in hover yawing slowly to right and left.
(3) Tail-in hover, move to right then to the left.
(4) Tail-in hover, move forwards then backwards.
(5) Tail-in hover, ascend and descend.
(7) Tail-in hover performing a horizontal rectangle.
(8) Tail-in hover performing a vertical rectangle.
(9) Nose-in hover.
(10) From hover fly a square box rotating (yawing) the multirotor in the direction of
(11) From hover fly a circle rotating (yawing) the multirotor nose-in to the centre of
(12) Transition from hover to forward flight.
(13) Climbing and descending from level flight.
(14) Turns from level flight.
(15) Speed control in level flight.
(16) Approach and landings.
(17) Actions after failure of a motor.
Just imagine everything that has not been done in the USA yet.
North vancouver, B.C. Canada
Joined Apr 2008
That is actually serious stuff and imho well beyond hobby use
It would however be a good idea todo check list and paper record before flight
My guess is if trappy flew glow or gas wing but same flight
Faa would or should act in different way
Joined Feb 2009
A fair amount of requirements, BUT , mostly not unreasonable. A lot of those requirements are done by most serious FPV flyers already, not "well beyond" as some suggest.
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