Yes but the issue will be the threaded area on the shaft. If you use the prop adapter with set screw the set screw will bite into the threaded area and damage the thread. If you use the prop adapter that uses a collet the collet may not have enough surface area to hold. Then again the threaded area may deform the inside wall of the collet making a good contact.
I cannot tell since I have never put a prop adapter on a threaded shaft. I have enough machine at my workshop I just change the shaft to some drill rod blank.